Roulette Table Layout: Learn About Roulette Wheels & Table Layouts

For those who have never played Roulette, the experience can be a little disorientating as you try to understand how to play and what all of the different parts of the table mean.

This article will take you through everything you need to know about round roulette tables and hopefully demystify some of its complexities. First, we’ll start by looking at the history of Roulette, and then we’ll move on to round and square layouts, talking about their differences and why there is such a big difference in price between them. From here, we will look at the betting options available on both types of the table before taking a closer look at each part or section of a Roulette table. Before we get into this, however, let’s quickly look at the history of Roulette.

The History of Roulette

It is thought that Roulette was first invented by Blaise Pascal, the famous philosopher, and mathematician, to create an extremely fair game that could be used for gambling. A colleague of Pascal called Chevalier de Mere claimed that he had developed the idea before suggesting it to Pascal, who improved upon his design. A similar game known as ‘Roly-Poly’ was created in Germany during the early 18th century, but no one really knows whether this influenced or inspired Pascal’s creation. What we do know, however, is that by 1738 a roulette wheel had been built and displayed publicly in Paris. The way it worked was very different from the game we know today, however. The wheel had numbers rather than colors (red & black) and only included the numbers 1-36, with 0, and 00 eventually added later on. Furthermore, there was no such thing as inside bets or outside bets; instead, you would place your bet on a number between 1-36 or on red/black, which would then be matched to the appropriate section of the wheel once it came to rest.

This version of Roulette caught on quickly but soon evolved into something which looked more like how Roulette looks today. The first significant change was that they decided to use alternating colors for each number slot. At this point in time, the French were using ‘Roulette’ whereas it was still known as ‘Roly-Poly’ across the English Channel. When the rules of Roulette were formalized in 1843, they included a ban on alternating red and black, which is why you will rarely see this version of the game. Following this, some casinos began to use numbers 0-36, while others started to group the numbers by colors (red or black). You can buy roulette wheels today with either of these options, but most casinos prefer having all the numbers together in one color, which is why you typically see them grouped like this;

The following significant change came in 1870 when the French replaced the 0 on their wheel with a 00. This was done even though there wasn’t really any statistical advantage for it at that time, but more because they wanted the games to be fairer and thought that players were more likely to bet on 0 or 00 than they would 33-1 (which was the previous outside bet) if it had been available.

The History of Roulette in America

As far as we know, the early US casinos imported their roulette wheels from Europe when they were first built. However, there is little evidence that anyone tried to improve upon this setup until 1843, when a man named John H. Winn revolutionized casino games in America and around the world by inventing his own version of Chevalier de Mere’s original game. This new version quickly caught on, and people flocked from all over the country to try out this exciting new Roulette style, which included inside and outside bets. Winn helped standardize the rules for Roulette in America, and his version quickly became the go-to option for casinos all over the country.

Once again, there was little major change until 1969 when a man called Edward O. Thorp published a book called ‘Beat The Dealer’ which introduced card counting to the world of gambling. As you probably know from our other articles, this is where you keep track of what cards have been played recently to increase your chances of winning a game like blackjack or baccarat – You can read more about card counting here if you’re interested. Although it wasn’t immediately apparent at first, this technique turned out to work quite well on Roulette too, which is why so many casinos now have a 10-second delay on their roulette wheels to stop players from doing this.

Roulette Layout & Roulette Table Layout

As you’ve no doubt seen when observing the game, there are 37 number slots on a roulette wheel in total, which are split into two distinct parts. There are 18 red numbers and 18 black numbers along with one green slot in the middle, known as 0 or ‘the house’ because it pays out at 2 to 1. The roulette table layout will typically look something like this;

Positions of colors/numbers on Roulette Wheel

  • Red 1 – 0 – 00 / Black 19 – 36
  • Green 0 / Yellow 2 – 3

When placing your bets, you can pick inside or outside positions for your chips. Unfortunately, you can’t combine different types of bets, but they’re pretty simple to understand, really. For example, you can bet on 1 number, 2 numbers, or place a street made up of three numbers along the side. You can also bet on four corners, six lines running across through 12 lines running down, and there’s even a version known as ‘the en prison’ rule where if your chosen number comes in, but has already been bet on by another player, then you get your money back.

European Roulette Wheel Layout

In Europe, they have a slightly different way of laying their wheels out compared to the American version. Instead of having just one green space as 0, there are actually two zeros with one on either end. This has been done because, for some reason, casinos in Europe decided to make it where all even money bets payout at 1.06x their original bet instead of the usual 2:1 which you see everywhere else around the world, and this makes it a little harder to find winning combinations when placing inside/outside bets.

European Roulette Table Layout

Because all even money bets payout at 1:1 (rather than 2:1) on European wheels, it’s much harder to find winning combinations when playing Roulette online (and in real life, for that matter). The only thing you can really do is hope for lucky streaks or employ a strategy like card counting, which could give you an advantage, although it’s pretty unlikely. This might seem daunting at first, but trust me, if somebody knows what they’re doing, then there are plenty of ways to make extra money at casinos because of this rule, even with so few winning opportunities on offer.

American Roulette Wheel Layout

Our layout for American Roulette is the exact same one that you would find in any land-based casino in America. It has nothing to do with where it’s made or what language people speak, as some people seem to think, but instead has a lot more to do with which version came first and was popularized as a result. You can also play Roulette online using the American wheel if you prefer, although it does make things a little more complicated because of the extra green space, as mentioned below.

American Roulette Table Layout

As mentioned above, the American wheel does not have just one green area as 0 but two because of different rules that apply to even money bets in European casinos. This is very important, and you need to be aware of it if playing Roulette online, as you may end up losing more than half your wager on a single spin if you’re not careful. You will see this reflected in the table layout below, where we’ve highlighted both areas of 0 so that players can identify which bets are for inside positions and which ones are for outside positions.

American Roulette Table & European Roulette Table Layout Differences

The table layout works the same way regardless of which version you are playing, but just know that with American Roulette, there are two areas of 0, so all even money bets payout at only 1:1 instead of 2:1. If you’re not aware of this fact or don’t take it into account when playing online, then you could lose almost your entire wager on a single spin if betting on red, for example.

If you were to make an outside bet such as red/black, odd/even, or 1-18/19-36 and the ball lands in one of those spaces marked as 0 (which will happen more often than not), then your entire wager is lost without any chance to recover. This means that even if you’re betting on a number with a much better chance of winning, the house still takes a bigger cut because their rules effectively give them an extra area of 0.

Don’t worry, though, as there are plenty of other bets to make where the chances of winning are just as good, and your payout is doubled up because they have 2:1 odds instead. Inside bets such as 1-18/19-36, column bets, and dozens are the way to go in this scenario because you will receive double your winnings when making these! So now that you understand exactly what you’ll be dealing with here, there’s no reason not to give American Roulette a try.

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While you might think that online Roulette is a bit of a boring game, this couldn’t be further from the truth. With so many different variants on offer and regular promotions available to play for even bigger prizes, there’s plenty on offer here which will keep players entertained while they win big at the same time. If you’re looking for a casino that has it all, including some very generous bonuses & rewards, then look no further than any one of the top casinos listed on our site.

Happy playing!